Friday, October 10, 2014

Caktus Ship It! Day 2014 Q3 Post-Mortem - Part 1: Proof of Concept in Under an Hour

Today was one of our very fun Ship It! Day events at Caktus Group and the first in our new office. It snuck up on a lot of us, what with the busy move we're still settling down from, but it also is a great chance to unwind and to really enjoy our new shared workspace.

I'm going to start ending these events with a personal post-mortem on what I worked on. I decided to learn about WebRTC by building a tool I'd love to have with friends: a shared music player. The problem is simple: some of us think the room is to quiet and some of us like quiet. What we need is a way to play music together with headphones.

The goal was a simple app that can play MP3s. Everyone with the app open should be able to play songs and everyone connected would listen at the same time. We all hear the same thing. If someone leaves, they'll take their music with them.

So, I set about this yesterday afternoon (when our Ship It festivities officially begin) and I had a vague idea where I wanted to start. I had seen an interesting proof-of-concept called instant.io which provided file sharing in the browser. What made it novel from other demos was its use of BitTorrent as the sharing mechanism, so it could be used to effectively distribute a large file to a large number of recipients efficiently!

My starting theory was
BitTorrent combined with Winamp, in your Browser
So I set on this task by cloning the instant.io repository and running it locally, which was a little more trouble than I expected. The actual setup of the project was pretty odd, and depended on things specific to the owners machine. What I did learn from instant.io was to find my way to the WebTorrent project, on top of which instant.io was built.

I cleaned up the repository I had cloned to run a bit easier on my machine and started pulling examples from the WebTorrent website. I quickly got the file sharing working locally, dropping files onto one browser and seeing download links appear in the second.

So far, so good!

The next step was rudimentary music playing. I dropped a simple HTML5 audio tag into the page
<audio controls />
And took a look at where the instant.io code was rendering its download links after completing the transfer of a file from one peer to the next. It was easy enough to find where it looped through the files of a completed torrent and wrote the links into the page.

torrent.files.forEach(function (file) {
    file.createReadStream().pipe(concat(function (buf) {
      var a = document.createElement('a')
      a.download = file.name
      a.href = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([ buf ]))
      a.textContent = 'download ' + file.name
      log.innerHTML += a.outerHTML + '
    }))
  })

A torrent can contain multiple files, and that was a fact that I had neglected, but for the current testing I just assumed that I'm only dropping one file at a time and I just take the first file in the torrent. It was very easy to assign the Data URI being generated here to the audio tag and trigger playback.
  var file = torrent.files[0]
  file.createReadStream().pipe(concat(function (buf) {
    var a = document.querySelector('audio')
    a.src = URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([ buf ]))
    a.play()
  }))

Success! I had, in less than an hour, built a simple tool that lets a bunch of people drop any MP3 into their browser window and all be listening to the same song in just a few seconds. It worked great, but I had a lot of work ahead of me.


Part 1: Proof of Concept in Under an Hour

Part 2: Playlists and Reseeding Songs

Part 3: Two Steps Back and Three Steps Forward

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I write here about programming, how to program better, things I think are neat and are related to programming. I might write other things at my personal website.

I am happily employed by the excellent Caktus Group, located in beautiful and friendly Carrboro, NC, where I work with Python, Django, and Javascript.

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